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Chemicals in Cosmetics

Your health comes first, which is why Safe Cosmetics Australia is reviewing hundreds of Australian brands that claim to be safe and natural. Accredited brands must meet their strict criteria, products must be formulated using plant and mineral based ingredients over petrochemicals and nasty synthetics. However, they show that just because an ingredient is plant based doesn’t necessarily mean that it is safe for your health. The best advice is to use less products to avoid irritation and toxic accumulation of chemicals that concern your specific health requirements.

Nasty Chemicals To Avoid

Artificial Dyes, Colours & Fragrances
Made from over 4,000 chemicals artificial dyes, colours and fragrances are a toxic concoction that should not be inhaled or applied to the skin. Known to cause respiratory reactions like asthma, contact dermatitis as well as cancer and accumulative toxicity, artificial ingredients are responsible for an array of health issues. Chemicals in everyday products pose potential health risks, products such as hair spray, perfume and deodorant have not been assessed for health and safety, and are readily inhaled and absorbed through the skin. For more information see Dr Mercola's published article

Parabens
SCA does not support the use of paraben preservative systems, the wide use of parabens leads to increased exposure. Parabens are widely used synthetic preservatives that can be found in 99% of cancer tumors, these widely used synthetic preservatives have known estrogen mimmicking properties. Common parabens include methylparaben (E number E218), ethylparaben (E214), propylparaben (E216) and butylparaben. Less common parabens include isobutylparaben, isopropylparaben, benzylparaben and their sodium salts. Paraben's are used in products to kill bacteria, prevent the growth of mold and prolong the shelf-life of products indefinitely, they have no actual benefit to the health of the skin & hair other than to keep the product formulation from spoiling. Parabens are rapidly absorbed, metabolized and excreted, these synthetic preservatives are well known to cause skin allergies resulting in contact dermatitis and accumulative toxicity in humans. Studies have shown direct links to serious health concerns, but most scientists will not conclude toxicity concerns as studies are inconclusive due to the high number of parabens found in the body and the inability to identify the different types of parabens once absorbed resulting in insufficient data.

Petrochemicals, Plasticizers & Phthalates
SCA does not support the use of petro-chemicals, plasticizers or phthalates. These substances are considered highly toxic cancer causing synthetics not suitable for use at high concentration. Synthetic fragrances may contain petro-chemicals that are known to cause cancer and many other serious health issues. New studies are confirming links that plasticizers can cause reproductive and developmental toxicity. Scientists have proven that phthalates can cause damage to female reproductive organs, however it is the male reproductive organs that appear to be at a greater risk as they react more sensitively when exposed to phthalates.

Formaldehyde, including Formaldehyde releasing preservatives
Formaldehyde is a carcinogenic impurity released by a number of cosmetic preservatives including diazolidinyl urea, imidiazolidinyl urea, DMDM hydantoin, quaternium-15, 2-bromo-2-nitropropane-1,3-diol and sodium hydroxylmethylglycinate. Highly toxic: cancer causing, developmental and reproductive toxicity, allergies and immunotoxin.

Genetically Modified Organism - GMOs
GMO refers to a plant, animal or microbe that has been transformed through processes known as genetic engineering. Genetic engineering involves processes that are not natural. GMOs are toxic to the human body, some are accumulative others significantly impact the viability of human cells. SCA does not support the use of GMO chemicals.

Nanotechnology
Nanotechnology refers to ultra-fine particles manufactured at less than 300 nm. These ultra-fine particles can enter the body and are considered unsafe due to insufficient data. Nanotechnology does not include naturally existing particles found in nature such as volcanic soils and flour obtained from traditional manufacturing processes.

Tricolsan
An antibacterial chemical ingredient commonly found in toothpaste, face wash, deodorant and an array of personal care and household products. Highly toxic: known to cause liver damage and inhalation toxicity concerns.Young children are especially at risk when swallowing product and not rinsing their mouth after use.

Benzene
Inhaled and absorbed through the skin and known to cause cancer. More than 3000 Leukemia cases every year can be directly linked to benzene commonly found in perfume. The National Pollutant Inventory [NPI] is tracking pollution across Australia collecting data from 93 different toxic substances found in the environment, Benzene is one of these substances. Benzene is found in many types of products including cleaning agents, glue and cosmetics, it is emitted during industrial processes including the production of rubber, oils, footwear and petrol and can occur naturally during volcanic eruptions and forest fires. It is a known human, animal and environmental toxin.

Household Products

2-butoxyethanol, also known as ethylene glycol butyl ether
Just one of the many glycol ethers used as a solvent in carpet cleaners and specialty cleaners. It can be inhaled or absorbed through the skin and can cause blood disorders as well as liver and kidney damage. Known to be toxic.

Ethoxylated nonyl phenols NPEs
Banned in the EU, this group of highly toxic endocrine-disrupting chemicals are still used in cleaning products. Known as 'gender benders' for example, nonyl phenols can induce female characteristics in male fish.

Methylene Chloride
Highly toxic carcinogen, methylene chloride is commonly found in paint stripper and is known to cause cancer. Sold in local hardware and home improvement outlets both as a pure product and as an ingredient in a wide range of paint strippers and similar products.

Silica
Made from finely ground quartz, silica is carcinogenic when it occurs as a fine white dust and inhaled. Used in abrasive cleansers, it is often used on a regular basis around the home, always use a mask when clenaing with powder products. There is concern for inhalation of particles causing cancer & allergies, SCA permits the use of silica depending on the actual product use, concentration & restriction of air born particles.

Toluene
Toluene is a potent reproductive toxin used as a solvent in numerous products including paint.It is also sold as the pure product. Toluene is listed by California's Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a reproductive toxin that may cause harm to the developing fetus. Pregnant women should certainly not use products containing toluene.

Xylene
Extremely toxic, often found in graffiti and scuff removers, spray paints and some adhesives. Xylene is a suspected reproductive toxin shown to cause reproductive harm in laboratory experiments. It is also a neurotoxicant that can cause memory loss on repeated exposure.

Bleach (Sodium Hypochlorite)
When bleach is combined with other products it can release a deadly chlorine gas, especially concerning acid based cleaners such as toilet bowl sanitizers. The combination of ammonia and acid chemicals can create chloramine gas, a toxic substance. In the environment, sodium hypochlorite is acutely toxic to fish, the chlorine bleach can also bind with material in the marine environment to form organochlorines, toxic compounds that can persist in the environment.

Phosphates
Phosphates in laundry products have a devastating effect on the environment causing overproduction of vegetation in a chemical process known as eutrophication. The process results from widespread use of phosphates in laundry products that produce nutrients for algae and other aquatic and other aquatic plants in abundance. Manufacturers have since reduced or even eliminated phosphates from laundry products, but no action has ever been taken on dishwasher detergents. Most of the products available from major manufacturers contain 30-40 percent phosphates, some also contain high levels of chlorine-based sanitizing ingredients.

SCA would like to see the Australian Government empower NICNAS to ban & restrict many existing chemicals that are permitted for use in Australian products.

SCA's list of Nasty Chemicals raises serious concerns for the health and safety of Australian consumers and manufacturers. The chemicals outlined below are permitted for use in Australia. The National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme - NICNAS assess industrial chemicals for their health, environment effects and safe use in Australia, including the use of industrial chemicals permitted for use in personal care and household products. SCA is concerned for well over 100 chemicals that have not been assessed by NICNAS. The Australian Inventory of Chemical Substances - AICS provides an online data base of chemicals permitted for use in Australia. SCA has compared the chemicals commonly found in products sold in Australia to toxicity and regulatory databases, locally and internationally. SCA believes that Australian's are not being protected by the current Australian Government standards that permit the use of hazardous chemicals in everyday products, and it is our aim to educate consumers and promote companies who exclude SCA's chemicals of concern.

Chemicals listed below have not been assessed by NICNAS unless otherwise stated. Insufficient testing has been carried out to determine the toxicity effects of the following chemicals. Therefore, you and your family may be exposed to harmful chemicals. The following chemicals may be present in concentrations that may cause harm to your health. The information provided is accurate to date as of 30.3.2012 - SCA will update any changes to assessment status upon notification.

Prohibited Chemicals A-Z
The chemicals listed below are strictly prohibited from product formulations of companies listed on the Toxic-Free List.

Acetone
Solvent; formaldehyde releasing, development & reproductive toxin

Acrylamide
Imported into Australia to produce other chemicals known as polyacrylamides used in waste water, sewage & water treatment, insurface coatings & adhesives, leather processing, manufacture of paper and cosmetics. NICNAS 2004 Report concluded that serious health effects can occur including irritation, sensitivity, nerve damage, cancer & damage to genes. That Acrylamide is a serious health hazard - It is permitted for use in Australian personal care & household products.

Aminophenol
Sulfonic acid considered toxic; this chemical is classified as a hazardous according to the National Occupational Health & Safety Commission NOHSC

Amyl Acetate
Known skin irritant, chemical sensitivity in some people

Acetylated Lanolin - alcohol, polyoxyethylene / ether, acetylated
Hair/skin conditioner; chemically modified form of lanolin- not assessed by NICNAS, considered toxic

Alkanomines: class of chemical compounds

Diethanolamine, Momoethanolamine, Triethanolamine; buffering agent, pH adjustor. Cancer causing, development, reproductive, allergiy & immunotoxicity

Aluminum Powder
Metallic substance; linked to alzheimer's & central nerve system damage

Ammonia (H3N)
Glycolate/Lactate; fragrance/pH adjustor, development/reproductive toxin

Artificial Dyes, colours, fragrances
100% Synthetic, considered toxic - made from over 4,000 chemicals artificial dyes, colours and fragrances are a toxic concoction that should not be inhaled or applied to the skin. Known to cause respiratory reactions like asthma, contact dermatitis as well as cancer and accumulative toxicity, responsible for an array of health issues. Chemicals in everyday products pose potential health risks, products such as hair spray, perfume and deodorant have not been assessed for health and safety.

Artificial Fragrances
100% Synthetic, over 4000 chemicals used to formulate fragrances

Benzyl Benzoate (synthetic variety, not to be confused with natural component of essential oils)

Solvent/Preservative: possible toxin, considered safe at low use. Classified as a health, physicochemical and/or ecotoxicological hazard, according to the National Occupational Health and Safety Commission (NOHSC)

2-Butoxyethanol (2-BE)
Also known as ethylene glycol, considered toxic - Just one of the many glycol ethers used as a solvent in carpet cleaners and specialty cleaners. It can be inhaled or absorbed through the skin and can cause blood disorders as well as liver and kidney damage. Known to be toxic. NICNAS Safety Sheet No.6 - Products containing more than 12.5% 2-BE is classed as a Hazardous Substance. Poisoning can occur through the skin without signs of irritation, inhalation is most likely way of poisoning. Rubber gloves should be used at all times. Posioning includes headaches, irritation to the eyes & nose, nausea & tiredness.

Benzalkonium Chloride
Preservative; known allergen, organ system toxicity

Benzene
Assigned to Priority Existing Chemicals - PEC Candidate List - priority health concern; present in disinfectant, deodorant, pesticide - Highly Toxic; cancer causing, developmental, system toxicity, allergies. Inhaled and absorbed through the skin and known to cause cancer. More than 3000 Leukemia cases every year can be directly linked to benzene commonly found in perfume.

BHA butylated hydroxyanisole
Preservative; allergen, cancer causing, organ system toxicity

Bleach, sodium hypochlorite
It is assigned to Priority Existing Chemicals - PEC Candidate List - priority health concern; permitted for use even though this chemical is a cancer hazard. Classified as a health hazard according to the National Occupational Health & Safety Commission NOHSC. Listed on the High Volume Industrial chemicals List HVICL.

Bronopol/2-bromo-2-nitrophane-1,3-diol
Preservatives; allergen, cancer causing, organ system toxicity

Coal Tar, F&C Colour Pigments
Antidandruff/Biocide; cancer, allergies, immunotoxicity, organ toxicity

Chlorine
Known allergen & immunotoxicity

Chlorophene
Biocide/Antimicrobial; cancer causing, allergen & immunotoxicity

Chlorhexidine
Biocide/Preservative; toxic allergen

Diaminobenzene
Derivative of Benzidine, considered toxic

1,4-Dioxane
Expected to be toxic & possibly carcinogenic cancer-causing agent; has been assessed by NICNAS & is permitted for use in Australia, this chemical is restricted. Studies show that this chemical readily penetrates the skin, this chemical is found in all types of products including hair care, body care, bath & baby care.

Dioxin, group
Chemically-related compounds that are persistant environmental pollutants. Considered highly toxic, not assessed by NICNAS; highly toxic development, allergen & immunotoxicants. Dioxins accumulate within the food chain and are found mainly in meat and dairy products, can also result from natural processes such as volcanic eruptions and bush fire. Over 400 types of dioxins have been identified, but only 30 of these are considered highly toxic.

Diazolidinyl Urea
Formaldehyde releasing preservative; known allergen, immunotoxicity

Dibutyl Phthalate DBP
Assigned to Priority Existing Chemicals - PEC Candidate List - priority health concern; development & reproductive toxin, birth defects

Diethyl Phthalate
Assigned to Priority Existing Chemicals - PEC Candidate List - priority health concern; fragrance ingredient, cancer, developmental, allergies & immunotoxicity

Diethanolamine DEA
pH adjustor; cancer, developmental, allergies, immunotoxicity

Disperse Blue 1, Yellow 1,
Hair colorant; highly toxic, cancer causing, allergy & immunotoxicity

Dichlorobenzene - Benzene
Assigned to Priority Existing Chemicals - PEC Candidate List - priority health concern; present in disinfectant, deodorant, pesticide

1,4-diozane from ethoxylation
Unwanted bi-product considered toxic; cancer causing, developmental, allergen & immunotoxicity

DMDM Hydantoin / D-Limonene
Antimicrobial formaldehyde releaser preservative; known to cause allergies, immunotoxicity & irritation

Dyes, Synthetic
There are many any synthetic dyes permitted for use in food, but this does not mean that they are safe. The risks to humans, animals and the environment is unknown, however, the EU has been pro-active in banning the use of dyes formulated from toxic compounds. The Australian Government needs to empower NICNAS to ban the use of synthetic dyes, SCA considers synthetic dyes to be highly toxic, many dyes are known to be dangerous and derived from carcinogenic allergens, well-known system toxins. It is hard to imagine that many synthetic dyes, commonly found in food and personal care products, are made from petroleum derivatives with added anti-freeze to hold the colour. Obviously, we are not deisgned to digest harsh chemicals and each time you ingest synthetic dyes or apply them topically, you are putting your health at risk. Toxic accumulation is a major health concern in modern living, consumers beware.

Ethylene Glycol
Considered toxic, ingestion can result in death.

Ethyl Methacrylate EMA
Fragrance/Ester of ethyl alcohol; known allergen, immunotoxicity & organin toxicity

Ethyl Chloride, ethane
National Pollutant Inventory NPI - listed chemical; known to be toxic

Formaldehyde, formalin, formic aldehyde, methaldehyde, methanol, oxomethane, oxymethylene
This chemical is classified as a hazardous chemical by NICNAS. It is assigned to Priority Existing Chemicals - PEC Candidate List - priority health concern; permitted for use even though this chemical is a cancer hazard. Formaldehyde is also on the High Volume Industrial chemicals List HICL - more than 1000 tones is imported annually. It is on the National Pollutant Inventory NPI, International Program on Chemical Safety IPCS, Environment Health Criteria EHC is available for this chemical as well as an OECD Screening Information Data Sheet SIDS on high production chemical. Biocide/Preservative; known to cause cancer, allergies, immunotxicity & organic toxicity

Fragrance, synthetic
Readily absorbed into the skin and inhaled. There are over 4000 chemicals used to formulate fragrances, any one fragrance can contain hundreds of these synthetic chemicals. These synthetic chemicals are not required on product labels, companies can state 'fragrance' as the ingredient when hundreds of chemicals are used. Hazardous chemicals are known to cause cancer, allergies, immunotoxicity & organ toxicity. Fragrances are found in all types of products from perfume, toothpaste, hair spray, lotions, deodorant, floor cleaner, disinfectants, laundry wash, shampoos & many more.

Glutaral
Readily inhaled & absorbed through the skin; considered toxic, can cause respiratory reactions like asthma, also burns to the skin & irritation. Environmental toxin.

Glycerin, Synthetic
Petroleum based solvent, see petroleum

Glyceryl, PABA
Sunscreen agent; expected to be toxic, known allergen

GMO Genetically modified organism
GMO refers to a plant, animal or microbe that has been transformed through processes known as genetic engineering. Genetic engineering involves processes that are not natural. GMOs are toxic to the human body, some are accumulative others significantly impact the viability of human cells. SCA does not support the use of GMO chemicals.

Hydrocarbons
Chemical compounds consisting entirely of carbon and hydrogen. Carbons come in a variety of forms; gases (methane & propane), liquids (hexane& benzene), waxes (paraffin wax) or polymers (polyethylene or polystyrene). Hydrocarbons can be processed to create plastics. Known to cause cancer & disease.

Hydroquinone -1,4,Benzenedial
This chemical is classified as a hazardous chemical by NICNAS. It is assigned to Priority Existing Chemicals - PEC Candidate List - priority health concern; permitted for use even though this chemical is a cancer hazard. It is on the International Program on Chemical Safety IPCS, available: OECD Screening Information Data Sheet SIDS on high production chemical. Fragrance, colorant, bleach; considered toxic, cancer causing, allergen, immunotxicity.

Hydrochloric Acid (Muratic Acid)
On the High Volume Industrial chemicals List HVICL, classified as a hazardous chemical by NICNAS; listed on the National Pollutant Inventory NPI, available: OECD Screening Information Data Sheet SIDS on high production chemical. pH adjustor known to cause cancer, allergies & immunotoxicity

4-Hydroxybenzoic Acid
Toxic fragrance & preservative; Benzoic Acid is a naturally occurring synthetically produced substance used in food & cosmetics as a preservative & fragrance fixative.

Kerosene, petroleum
On the High Volume Industrial chemicals List HVICL, classified as a hazardous chemical by NICNAS; listed on the International Program on Chemical Safety IPCS. Occupational & immunotoxicity concerns

Iodopropynyl Butylcarbamate, carbamic acid
Preservative; allergen, toxicity. Classified as a health hazard according to the National Occupational Health & Safety Commission NOHSC

Imidazolidinyl Urea
Preservative; known allergen, contamination concerns formaldehyde

Isoparaffin, see petroleum

Lead
Heavy Metal. Classified as a health hazard according to the National Occupational Health & Safety Commission NOHSC & on the High Volume Industrial chemicals List HVICL; cancer causing, allergen, immuntoxicity, organ & development toxin. Contamination concerns.

Mercury
Bioaccumulation, Heavy Metal; known cancer causing, allergen, immunotoxicity, organ/development toxin

Methanol - methyl alcohol
Listed on the High Volume Industrial chemicals List HVICL. Classified as a health hazard according to the National Occupational Health & Safety Commission NOHSC. National Pollutant Inventory NPI. International Program on Chemical Safety IPCS. Denaturant, fragrance & solvent; development & reproductive toxin

Methylene Chloride
Highly toxic carcinogen, methylene chloride is commonly found in paint stripper and is known to cause cancer. Sold in local hardware and home improvement outlets both as a pure product and as an ingredient in a wide range of paint strippers and similar products.

Methyl Cellosolve
Fragrance, solvent; development, reproductive toxin

Methylchlorosiothiazolinone
Preservative; allergen & immunotoxicity

Methylisothiazolinone
Preservative; allergen & immunotoxicity

Mineral Oil
See petroleum; Listed on the High Volume Industrial chemicals List HVICL.

Mineral Spirits - Ligroine, Benzoline
Solvent; cancer causing, considered toxic. Listed on the High Volume Industrial chemicals List HVICL.

Micronization - Ultra Fine Particles, Nanoparticles
Considered toxic; fine particles enter the body via the skin & inhalation.

Morpholine
pH adjustor; cancer casuing, allergen & immunotoxicity

Naphthol
Hair dye, see petroleum

Napthalene
Considered toxic - insufficient data

Nanotechnolgy
Nanotechnology refers to ultra-fine particles manufactured at less than 300 nm. These ultra-fine particles can enter the body and are considered unsafe due to insufficient data. Nanotechnology does not include naturally existing particles found in nature such as volcanic soils and flour obtained from traditional manufacturing processes.

Nitromethane
Classified as a health hazard according to the National Occupational Health & Safety Commission NOHSC. Considered toxic; anti-corrosive, cancer causing.

Nitrilotriacetic Acid, Glycine, NTA
Chelating agent used to soften water; insufficient data concerning toxicity; considered a carcinogen, eye irritant - Similar to EDTA synthetic polymer known to cause cancer, allergen & immunotoxicity

Oleth-10
Fragrance/Solvent; contains PEGS & contamination concerns for 1,4-Dioxane &
Ethylene Oxide. Oleth's are synthetic polymers.

Oxybenzone
Sunscreen agent readily absorbed via the skin; associated with photoallergic reactions, allergies, developmental & immunotoxicity.

Parabens are esthers of Benzoic Acid (para-hydroxybenzoic acid)
Widely used synthetic preservatives known estrogen mimmicking properties. Common parabens include methylparaben (E number E218), ethylparaben (E214), propylparaben (E216) and butylparaben. Less common parabens include isobutylparaben, isopropylparaben, benzylparaben and their sodium salts. Listed on the International Programme on Chemical Safety IPCS. OECD Screening Information Dataset (SIDS) available.

Paraffin wax, see petroleum

Parabens
SCA does not support the use of paraben preservative systems. Parabens are widely used synthetic preservatives that can be found in breast cancer tumors and are known to disrupt hormones. Parabens are considered toxic, they are rapidly absorbed, metabolized and excreted. Synthetic preservatives are well known to cause skin allergies resulting in contact dermatitis and toxicity in humans including new born babies, studies have shown direct links to birth defects and other serious health concerns including toxic accumulation.

Petroleum distillate
Anti-fomaing agent; cancer causing, biaccumulation, organ system toxicity. Listed on the High Volume Industrial chemicals List HVICL. Classified as a health hazard according to the National Occupational Health & Safety Commission NOHSC.
Phenacetin Stabalizer; toxicity, cancer causing

Phenolphthalen
Cancer causing, developmental & reproductive toxin

Phthalates
Industrial plasticizers - many cosmetics contain phthalates, an industrial chemical known to cause serious health problems.

Placenta, progesterone
Developmental & hormone disruption; toxicity concerns - used as a skin conditioning agent. Suspected cancer causing.

Polyacrylamide, see Acrylamide
Solvent, thickener; considered toxic & cancer causing.

Polyisobutene PIB, Polymer
Also known as butyl rubber, it is a synthetic rubber or elastomer used in the manufacture of adhesives & cling wrap among it's many uses in modern life. Although toxicity concerns are low this only reflects insufficient data, it is a totally synthetic polymer used as a skin conditioning agent.

Polyethylene Glycol, PEG
Humectant, solvent; polymer from ethylene oxide, cancer causing & reproductive toxicity. A class of ethylene glycol polymers, often contaminated with 1,4-dioxane, polycyclic aromatic compounds & heavy metals including lead, iron, cobolt, nickle, cadmium & arsenic. PEG's may assist further absorption of other chemicals. In a study conducted by the Environmental Working Group EWG in 2004, a survey of over 2,000 people found that 1 out of 5 adults were exposed to top offending chemicals on a day to day basis. These chemicals included Hydroquinone, 1,4-Dioxane, Formaldehyde, Nitrosamines (banned in EU & US), Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) (found in natural oils, food, BBQ grills heated to high temp) & Acrylamide.

Polycarbonates, polyboxylates
Thermoplastic polymers; expected to be highly toxic

Potassium Troclosene
Biocide, antimicrobial; considered toxic

Propylene glycol PG
Fragrance, skin conditioner; expected to be highly toxic - not assessed by NICNAS

PVP/VA Copolymer
Petroleum chemical found in hair spray; see petroleum

Quaternium-15
Preservative releasing formaldehyde

Resorcinol, 1,3-Benzenediol
Anti-acneagent; cancer causing, allergies & immunotoxicity. Classified as a health physicochemical and/or ecotoxicological hazard, according to the National Occupational Health and Safety Commission (NOHSC) Approved Criteria for Classifying Hazardous Substances.

Retinyl palmitate, retinol, vitamin A
Natural vitamin known to cause cancer, developmental & reproductive toxin. When exposed to UV light, retinol compounds break down producing radicals that can damage DNA

Saccharin, artificial sweetener
Oral care; cancer causing, considered toxic, known allergen, visual disturbances. Sodium Borate, Boron sodium oxide (B4Na2O7) pH adjustor - listed on the International Programme of Chemical Safety IPCS - EHC Enviromental Health Criteria.

Sodium Fluride
Known ingestion & inhalation toxin. Possible cancer causing. Used in rat poison.

Sodium Laureth Sulfate, SLES - sodium lauyl ether sulfate
Cousin of SLS - considered toxic, found in common detergents including bath products, soaps, toothpaste & shampoos etc. It is an inexpensive and effective foaming agent. This irritant causes more harm with increased concentration, studies show eye and skin irritation. Toxicology reports in the US show that it is not a carcinogen, however contamination concerns include 1,4-Dioxane a human carcinogen. On the High Volume Industrial chemicals List HVICL. Contamination concerns for 1,4-dioxane a known carcinogen.

Sulfuric Acid - diethyl acid, dimethyl sulfate, Ammonium Lauryl Sulfate. Can cause irritation to the eyes, skin and lungs when inhaled. Studies report that rinse-off products do not raise concern however leave on products should not contain more than 1%. Nominated for assessment as Priority Existing Chemical PECs - has not been assessed by NICNAS. OECD Screening Information Dataset (SIDS) available.

Sodium Hydroxide, caustic soda/lye
Sodium hydroxide is corrosive to all body tissues,toxicity increases with higher concentration. It is a very strong corrosive chemical. It is assigned to Priority Existing Chemicals - PEC Candidate List - priority health concern; permitted for use even though this chemical is a cancer hazard. High Volume Industrial Chemical List HVICL. Classed as hazardous.

Sodium Metasilicate
Classified as a health hazard according to the National Occupational Health & Safety Commission NOHSC. Banned in personal care products; suitable for household products.

Stearth-10
Contamination concern for 1,4-dioxane
Stoddard solvent, petroleum distillate Anti-foaming solvent - see petroleum

Synthetic Polymers
Known cancer causing chemical, allergen and immunotoxicant. Ethylenamine derivatives; Diethylenetriamine DETA an analog of diethylene glycol, Triethylenetetramine TETA, Tetraethylenepentamine, TEPA, Pentaethylenehexamine PEHA.

Talc
Classified as a health hazard according to the National Occupational Health & Safety Commission NOHSC. Listed on the High Volume Industrial chemicals List HVICL. Highly suspected cancer causing - contains asbestiform fibre.

Tetrachloroethylene
Banned in the US - toxic, cancer causing, development, allergy, immunotoxicity. It is assigned to Priority Existing Chemicals - PEC Candidate List - priority health concern; permitted for use even though this chemical is a cancer hazard. Classified as a health hazard according to the National Occupational Health & Safety Commission NOHSC. Listed on the High Volume Industrial chemicals List HVICL.

Toluene, pollutant from petroleum
Solvent; cancer causing, reproductive, development & many other concerns.

Triethanolamine
Fragrance, pH adjustor; cancer causing, allergen, immunotoxicity. It is assigned to Priority Existing Chemicals - PEC Candidate List - priority health concern; permitted for use even though this chemical is a cancer hazard. Classified as a health hazard according to the National Occupational Health & Safety Commission NOHSC. Listed on the High Volume Industrial chemicals List HVICL.

Triclocarbon
Biocide, preservative; development & reproductive toxicity.

Tricolsan
An antibacterial chemical ingredient commonly found in toothpaste, face wash, deodorant and an array of personal care and household products. Highly toxic: known to cause liver damage and inhalation toxicity concerns.

Unspecified waxes
All ingredients must be disclosed to SCA upon application for certification.

Xylene Sulfonate
Hydrotrope; increases the ability of water to dissolve other molecules.

For more information see Certification & scroll down to "Resources - Australian Chemical Assessment" or contact us.

Use Safe Cosmetics Australia to help protect you and your family from harmful toxins found in everyday household products. Reduce your exposure to synthetic man-made chemicals by choosing brands published on the Toxic-Free List

With your help Safe Cosmetics Australia urges the Australian Government to improve labeling laws, furthermore ban or restrict the use of many chemicals permitted for use in personal care and household products. With the support of businesses and consumers it is our mission to work towards a toxic-free future, raising awareness concerning the harmful chemicals used in everyday household products that may be harming your health & the environment.

"Our mission is to drive the movement towards a healthier Toxic-Free future." ― Safe Cosmetics Australia [SCA]

“It always seems impossible until it's done.” ― Nelson Mandela.

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Posted 25th October 2012 by SafeCosmeticsAu

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3

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate: Facts Versus Fairytales

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate: Facts Versus Fairytales

Dr Mercola - "What You Put ON Your Skin Can Be More Dangerous Than What You Eat... Can 16,000 Studies About SLS be Wrong?" read Dr Mercola's in-depth article on toxic-chemicals used in personal care and household products.

Recent studies have shown that more toxins may actually be absorbed directly through the skin and inhaled, rather than through the foods we eat.

Nov

1

Permitted Chemicals

All ingredients are classified as "Chemicals"

Even Natural and Organic

Companies published on the Toxic-Free List, must formulate their products using plant and mineral based ingredients over petrochemicals and nasty synthetics.

Chemicals listed on this page have been reviewed by Safe Cosmetics Australia [SCA] for public health and safety; according to extensive research, scientific literature and government data.

Oct

25

Restricted Chemicals

Restricted Chemicals A-Z

The following chemicals are considered by industry standard to be safe to use at low concentration. See Chemicals Under Review for more information.

Benzyl Alcohol

A naturally occurring fatty alcohol that is considered safe for use in both food and cosmetics.

Benzel Acetate

An ester of benzyl alcohol & acetic acid. Naturally occurs in plants and fruit extracts including essential oils.

Boric Acid/Biocide

Limited evidence available, low concern.

Oct

25

Chemical Key

An Allergen (or irritant) any substance that can cause an allergy.

A Carcinogen is a substance that causes a cellular malfunction. It may increase the risk of cancer by altering metabolism or damaging DNA directly in an organisms cells, interfering with biological processes.

Developmental & reproductive toxins are known to interfere with the bodies normal growth and development. These toxins are determined to be possible, suspected, likely, probable or known carcinogens.

Oct

25

Chemicals Under Review

CHEMICALS UNDER REVIEW Certain chemicals will remain under review by Safe Cosmetics Australia until sufficient data is available. The time frame for research, assessment & tests to be carried out is unknown as many of these chemicals have not been assessed for health & safety, and/or studies are inconclusive. If and when these chemicals are classified as restricted or prohibited by Safe Cosmetics Australia, SCA will allow companies adequate time to comply, 1 year or by negotiation. If you are concerned for skin, allergy or chemical sensitivity, it is recommended that you avoid products based on the following chemicals. However, when it comes to chemical sensitivities there is no 'safe level' of exposure, whilst many people can tolerate alcohol, natural derivatives and synthetic ingredients commonly used in products, many suffer adverse side effects from concentrations as low as 1%. Therefore, if you experience any side effects from any products discontinue use and seek medical advice immediately. Consumers have the right to know what is in the products they use. If you are unsure about the alcohol content in a particular product or any other ingredient, you should contact the manufacturer or request this action through Safe Cosmetics Australia, email: certifiedbysca@bigpond.com The following chemicals remain under review by Safe Cosmetics Austral due to significant gaps in data. Further research is required to determine toxicity concerns in personal care and household products as detailed below. The chemicals listed below are permitted for use by companies published on the Toxic-Free List. Alcohol - Ethanol, Ethyl Alcohol, Distilled Spirit, Cetearyl / Cetyl Alcohol, Isopropyl Alcohol is considered broadly toxic and linked to birth defects when ingested. All alcohol contains Ethanol which is highly toxic in it's pure form, even naturally derived grain alcohols contain ethanol. The potential risks of toxicity from ethanol in found in personal care and household products is significantly less compared to ingesting alcohol, however, the skin readily absorbs product formulations applied to the skin so if you are concerned for skin allergies or chemical sensitivity, it is recommended that you avoid products containing alcohol. Cocamidopropyly Betaine, CAPB, (Coco-betaine) Naturally derived from coconut oil it is up to 66% water with up to 32.5% active ingredient, the remaining percentage accounts for impurities which experts believe are responsible for any adverse reactions. Considered safe at low use such as rinse-off products, but it is associated with allergies and skin sensitivities; coco betaine is known to cause irritation of the skin, eyes & lungs, this common ingredient is a foam booster, antistatic and conditioning agent found in bath products, shampoos, soaps and any other cleaning products. It also has antiseptic properties & is used in sanitary products. Coco Glucoside Naturally derived from a chemical reaction between glucose and coconut oil. A synthetic surfactant with low irritation concerns, considered a gentle detergent, possibly the lowest irritation score of all surfactants. This ingredient is permitted in organic products & provides the lather & bubbles that customers enjoy. Ethylenediamine (tetrasodium EDTA) Used in the production of many industrial chemicals, prominently ethylenediamine EDTA derivative. Like most amines, ethylenediamine is a known skin irritant widely used in moisturisers, skin care and cleansing products, bath soaps, shampoos and conditioners, hair dyes, hair bleaches, and many other products. Hydrolyzed Ingredients Produced by boiling in acid (eg sulfuric acid, highly corrosive mineral acid) or produced by enzymatic hydrolysis, or both methods combined. For example; PEG-40 Hydrogenated Castor Oil is a solubolizer with concerns for contamination. To produce Hydrolyzed Soy Protein the soy protein can be boiled in sulfuric acid (considered highly toxic) & neutralised by caustic soda. In many cases there are significant amounts of GMO's found in Hydrolyzed Soy Protein - however, studies of hydrolyzed ingredients have shown no evidence of human skin toxicity. Consumers should be aware of Hydrolyzed ingredients used in food such as sweeteners, flavor enhancers, vegetable oil, flour & cosmetics. Those with sensitive skin & allergies should best avoid hydrolyzed ingredients. Flurocarbons Gas/Liquid commonly found in hair spray Phosphoric acid pH adjustor, caustic inorganic mineral acid; known organ system toxicity. Generally recognised as safe & used as a food additive. Sodium Etidronate Chelating agent, softens water. Powdered sodium salt, can be drying to the skin. Also used as a preservative, improves product stability. Studies rate as a low health hazard, enviromental toxin, non-skin sensitising depending on usage. Sodium Magnesium Silicate A synthetic silicate clay with a composition of magnesium & sodium silicate. It is used as a binder & bulking agent in cosmetics & personal care products, it is also used in the creation of concrete. It is effective in slowing the decomposition of product formulations & may be considered a preservative in some cases. Considered a low health hazard & found to be non-irritating topically, however it's large particles may be irritating to the eyes. Sodium Sulfonate Fungicide, Insecticide, Microbiocide, Preservative, Oxidation; known allergen.

Oct

25

Nasty Chemicals A-Z

Your health comes first, which is why SCA is reviewing hundreds of Australian brands that claim to be safe and natural. Accredited brands must meet our strict criteria, products must be formulated using plant and mineral based ingredients over petrochemicals and nasty synthetics. However, just because an ingredient is plant based doesn’t necessarily mean that it is safe for your health. The best advice is to use less products to avoid irritation and toxic accumulation of chemicals that concern your specific health requirements. Nasty Chemicals To Avoid Artificial Dyes, Colours & Fragrances Made from over 4,000 chemicals artificial dyes, colours and fragrances are a toxic concoction that should not be inhaled or applied to the skin. Known to cause respiratory reactions like asthma, contact dermatitis as well as cancer and accumulative toxicity, artificial ingredients are responsible for an array of health issues. Chemicals in everyday products pose potential health risks, products such as hair spray, perfume and deodorant have not been assessed for health and safety, and are readily inhaled and absorbed through the skin. For more information see Dr Mercola's published article Parabens SCA does not support the use of paraben preservative systems, the wide use of parabens leads to increased exposure. Parabens are widely used synthetic preservatives that can be found in 99% of cancer tumors, these widely used synthetic preservatives have known estrogen mimmicking properties. Common parabens include methylparaben (E number E218), ethylparaben (E214), propylparaben (E216) and butylparaben. Less common parabens include isobutylparaben, isopropylparaben, benzylparaben and their sodium salts. Paraben's are used in products to kill bacteria, prevent the growth of mold and prolong the shelf-life of products indefinitely, they have no actual benefit to the health of the skin & hair other than to keep the product formulation from spoiling. Parabens are rapidly absorbed, metabolized and excreted, these synthetic preservatives are well known to cause skin allergies resulting in contact dermatitis and accumulative toxicity in humans. Studies have shown direct links to serious health concerns, but most scientists will not conclude toxicity concerns as studies are inconclusive due to the high number of parabens found in the body and the inability to identify the different types of parabens once absorbed resulting in insufficient data. Petrochemicals, Plasticizers & Phthalates SCA does not support the use of petro-chemicals, plasticizers or phthalates. These substances are considered highly toxic cancer causing synthetics not suitable for use at high concentration. Synthetic fragrances may contain petro-chemicals that are known to cause cancer and many other serious health issues. New studies are confirming links that plasticizers can cause reproductive and developmental toxicity. Scientists have proven that phthalates can cause damage to female reproductive organs, however it is the male reproductive organs that appear to be at a greater risk as they react more sensitively when exposed to phthalates. Formaldehyde, including Formaldehyde releasing preservatives Formaldehyde is a carcinogenic impurity released by a number of cosmetic preservatives including diazolidinyl urea, imidiazolidinyl urea, DMDM hydantoin, quaternium-15, 2-bromo-2-nitropropane-1,3-diol and sodium hydroxylmethylglycinate. Highly toxic: cancer causing, developmental and reproductive toxicity, allergies and immunotoxin. Genetically Modified Organism - GMOs GMO refers to a plant, animal or microbe that has been transformed through processes known as genetic engineering. Genetic engineering involves processes that are not natural. GMOs are toxic to the human body, some are accumulative others significantly impact the viability of human cells. SCA does not support the use of GMO chemicals. Nanotechnology Nanotechnology refers to ultra-fine particles manufactured at less than 300 nm. These ultra-fine particles can enter the body and are considered unsafe due to insufficient data. Nanotechnology does not include naturally existing particles found in nature such as volcanic soils and flour obtained from traditional manufacturing processes. Tricolsan An antibacterial chemical ingredient commonly found in toothpaste, face wash, deodorant and an array of personal care and household products. Highly toxic: known to cause liver damage and inhalation toxicity concerns.Young children are especially at risk when swallowing product and not rinsing their mouth after use. Benzene Inhaled and absorbed through the skin and known to cause cancer. More than 3000 Leukemia cases every year can be directly linked to benzene commonly found in perfume. The National Pollutant Inventory [NPI] is tracking pollution across Australia collecting data from 93 different toxic substances found in the environment, Benzene is one of these substances. Benzene is found in many types of products including cleaning agents, glue and cosmetics, it is emitted during industrial processes including the production of rubber, oils, footwear and petrol and can occur naturally during volcanic eruptions and forest fires. It is a known human, animal and environmental toxin. Household Products 2-butoxyethanol, also known as ethylene glycol butyl ether Just one of the many glycol ethers used as a solvent in carpet cleaners and specialty cleaners. It can be inhaled or absorbed through the skin and can cause blood disorders as well as liver and kidney damage. Known to be toxic. Ethoxylated nonyl phenols NPEs Banned in the EU, this group of highly toxic endocrine-disrupting chemicals are still used in cleaning products. Known as 'gender benders' for example, nonyl phenols can induce female characteristics in male fish. Methylene Chloride Highly toxic carcinogen, methylene chloride is commonly found in paint stripper and is known to cause cancer. Sold in local hardware and home improvement outlets both as a pure product and as an ingredient in a wide range of paint strippers and similar products. Silica Made from finely ground quartz, silica is carcinogenic when it occurs as a fine white dust and inhaled. Used in abrasive cleansers, it is often used on a regular basis around the home, always use a mask when clenaing with powder products. There is concern for inhalation of particles causing cancer & allergies, SCA permits the use of silica depending on the actual product use, concentration & restriction of air born particles. Toluene Toluene is a potent reproductive toxin used as a solvent in numerous products including paint.It is also sold as the pure product. Toluene is listed by California's Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a reproductive toxin that may cause harm to the developing fetus. Pregnant women should certainly not use products containing toluene. Xylene Extremely toxic, often found in graffiti and scuff removers, spray paints and some adhesives. Xylene is a suspected reproductive toxin shown to cause reproductive harm in laboratory experiments. It is also a neurotoxicant that can cause memory loss on repeated exposure. Bleach (Sodium Hypochlorite) When bleach is combined with other products it can release a deadly chlorine gas, especially concerning acid based cleaners such as toilet bowl sanitizers. The combination of ammonia and acid chemicals can create chloramine gas, a toxic substance. In the environment, sodium hypochlorite is acutely toxic to fish, the chlorine bleach can also bind with material in the marine environment to form organochlorines, toxic compounds that can persist in the environment. Phosphates Phosphates in laundry products have a devastating effect on the environment causing overproduction of vegetation in a chemical process known as eutrophication. The process results from widespread use of phosphates in laundry products that produce nutrients for algae and other aquatic and other aquatic plants in abundance. Manufacturers have since reduced or even eliminated phosphates from laundry products, but no action has ever been taken on dishwasher detergents. Most of the products available from major manufacturers contain 30-40 percent phosphates, some also contain high levels of chlorine-based sanitizing ingredients. SCA would like to see the Australian Government empower NICNAS to ban & restrict many existing chemicals that are permitted for use in Australian products. SCA's list of Nasty Chemicals raises serious concerns for the health and safety of Australian consumers and manufacturers. The chemicals outlined below are permitted for use in Australia. The National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme - NICNAS assess industrial chemicals for their health, environment effects and safe use in Australia, including the use of industrial chemicals permitted for use in personal care and household products. SCA is concerned for well over 100 chemicals that have not been assessed by NICNAS. The Australian Inventory of Chemical Substances - AICS provides an online data base of chemicals permitted for use in Australia. SCA has compared the chemicals commonly found in products sold in Australia to toxicity and regulatory databases, locally and internationally. SCA believes that Australian's are not being protected by the current Australian Government standards that permit the use of hazardous chemicals in everyday products, and it is our aim to educate consumers and promote companies who exclude SCA's chemicals of concern. Chemicals listed below have not been assessed by NICNAS unless otherwise stated. Insufficient testing has been carried out to determine the toxicity effects of the following chemicals. Therefore, you and your family may be exposed to harmful chemicals. The following chemicals may be present in concentrations that may cause harm to your health. The information provided is accurate to date as of 30.3.2012 - SCA will update any changes to assessment status upon notification. Prohibited Chemicals A-Z The chemicals listed below are strictly prohibited from product formulations of companies listed on the Toxic-Free List. Acetone Solvent; formaldehyde releasing, development & reproductive toxin Acrylamide Imported into Australia to produce other chemicals known as polyacrylamides used in waste water, sewage & water treatment, insurface coatings & adhesives, leather processing, manufacture of paper and cosmetics. NICNAS 2004 Report concluded that serious health effects can occur including irritation, sensitivity, nerve damage, cancer & damage to genes. That Acrylamide is a serious health hazard - It is permitted for use in Australian personal care & household products. Aminophenol Sulfonic acid considered toxic; this chemical is classified as a hazardous according to the National Occupational Health & Safety Commission NOHSC Amyl Acetate Known skin irritant, chemical sensitivity in some people Acetylated Lanolin - alcohol, polyoxyethylene / ether, acetylated Hair/skin conditioner; chemically modified form of lanolin- not assessed by NICNAS, considered toxic Alkanomines: class of chemical compounds Diethanolamine, Momoethanolamine, Triethanolamine; buffering agent, pH adjustor. Cancer causing, development, reproductive, allergiy & immunotoxicity Aluminum Powder Metallic substance; linked to alzheimer's & central nerve system damage Ammonia (H3N) Glycolate/Lactate; fragrance/pH adjustor, development/reproductive toxin Artificial Dyes, colours, fragrances 100% Synthetic, considered toxic - made from over 4,000 chemicals artificial dyes, colours and fragrances are a toxic concoction that should not be inhaled or applied to the skin. Known to cause respiratory reactions like asthma, contact dermatitis as well as cancer and accumulative toxicity, responsible for an array of health issues. Chemicals in everyday products pose potential health risks, products such as hair spray, perfume and deodorant have not been assessed for health and safety. Artificial Fragrances 100% Synthetic, over 4000 chemicals used to formulate fragrances Benzyl Benzoate (synthetic variety, not to be confused with natural component of essential oils) Solvent/Preservative: possible toxin, considered safe at low use. Classified as a health, physicochemical and/or ecotoxicological hazard, according to the National Occupational Health and Safety Commission (NOHSC) 2-Butoxyethanol (2-BE) Also known as ethylene glycol, considered toxic - Just one of the many glycol ethers used as a solvent in carpet cleaners and specialty cleaners. It can be inhaled or absorbed through the skin and can cause blood disorders as well as liver and kidney damage. Known to be toxic. NICNAS Safety Sheet No.6 - Products containing more than 12.5% 2-BE is classed as a Hazardous Substance. Poisoning can occur through the skin without signs of irritation, inhalation is most likely way of poisoning. Rubber gloves should be used at all times. Posioning includes headaches, irritation to the eyes & nose, nausea & tiredness. Benzalkonium Chloride Preservative; known allergen, organ system toxicity Benzene Assigned to Priority Existing Chemicals - PEC Candidate List - priority health concern; present in disinfectant, deodorant, pesticide - Highly Toxic; cancer causing, developmental, system toxicity, allergies. Inhaled and absorbed through the skin and known to cause cancer. More than 3000 Leukemia cases every year can be directly linked to benzene commonly found in perfume. BHA butylated hydroxyanisole Preservative; allergen, cancer causing, organ system toxicity Bleach, sodium hypochlorite It is assigned to Priority Existing Chemicals - PEC Candidate List - priority health concern; permitted for use even though this chemical is a cancer hazard. Classified as a health hazard according to the National Occupational Health & Safety Commission NOHSC. Listed on the High Volume Industrial chemicals List HVICL. Bronopol/2-bromo-2-nitrophane-1,3-diol Preservatives; allergen, cancer causing, organ system toxicity Coal Tar, F&C Colour Pigments Antidandruff/Biocide; cancer, allergies, immunotoxicity, organ toxicity Chlorine Known allergen & immunotoxicity Chlorophene Biocide/Antimicrobial; cancer causing, allergen & immunotoxicity Chlorhexidine Biocide/Preservative; toxic allergen Diaminobenzene Derivative of Benzidine, considered toxic 1,4-Dioxane Expected to be toxic & possibly carcinogenic cancer-causing agent; has been assessed by NICNAS & is permitted for use in Australia, this chemical is restricted. Studies show that this chemical readily penetrates the skin, this chemical is found in all types of products including hair care, body care, bath & baby care. Dioxin, group Chemically-related compounds that are persistant environmental pollutants. Considered highly toxic, not assessed by NICNAS; highly toxic development, allergen & immunotoxicants. Dioxins accumulate within the food chain and are found mainly in meat and dairy products, can also result from natural processes such as volcanic eruptions and bush fire. Over 400 types of dioxins have been identified, but only 30 of these are considered highly toxic. Diazolidinyl Urea Formaldehyde releasing preservative; known allergen, immunotoxicity Dibutyl Phthalate DBP Assigned to Priority Existing Chemicals - PEC Candidate List - priority health concern; development & reproductive toxin, birth defects Diethyl Phthalate Assigned to Priority Existing Chemicals - PEC Candidate List - priority health concern; fragrance ingredient, cancer, developmental, allergies & immunotoxicity Diethanolamine DEA pH adjustor; cancer, developmental, allergies, immunotoxicity Disperse Blue 1, Yellow 1, Hair colorant; highly toxic, cancer causing, allergy & immunotoxicity Dichlorobenzene - Benzene Assigned to Priority Existing Chemicals - PEC Candidate List - priority health concern; present in disinfectant, deodorant, pesticide 1,4-diozane from ethoxylation Unwanted bi-product considered toxic; cancer causing, developmental, allergen & immunotoxicity DMDM Hydantoin / D-Limonene Antimicrobial formaldehyde releaser preservative; known to cause allergies, immunotoxicity & irritation Dyes, Synthetic There are many any synthetic dyes permitted for use in food, but this does not mean that they are safe. The risks to humans, animals and the environment is unknown, however, the EU has been pro-active in banning the use of dyes formulated from toxic compounds. The Australian Government needs to empower NICNAS to ban the use of synthetic dyes, SCA considers synthetic dyes to be highly toxic, many dyes are known to be dangerous and derived from carcinogenic allergens, well-known system toxins. It is hard to imagine that many synthetic dyes, commonly found in food and personal care products, are made from petroleum derivatives with added anti-freeze to hold the colour. Obviously, we are not deisgned to digest harsh chemicals and each time you ingest synthetic dyes or apply them topically, you are putting your health at risk. Toxic accumulation is a major health concern in modern living, consumers beware. Ethylene Glycol Considered toxic, ingestion can result in death. Ethyl Methacrylate EMA Fragrance/Ester of ethyl alcohol; known allergen, immunotoxicity & organin toxicity Ethyl Chloride, ethane National Pollutant Inventory NPI - listed chemical; known to be toxic Formaldehyde, formalin, formic aldehyde, methaldehyde, methanol, oxomethane, oxymethylene This chemical is classified as a hazardous chemical by NICNAS. It is assigned to Priority Existing Chemicals - PEC Candidate List - priority health concern; permitted for use even though this chemical is a cancer hazard. Formaldehyde is also on the High Volume Industrial chemicals List HICL - more than 1000 tones is imported annually. It is on the National Pollutant Inventory NPI, International Program on Chemical Safety IPCS, Environment Health Criteria EHC is available for this chemical as well as an OECD Screening Information Data Sheet SIDS on high production chemical. Biocide/Preservative; known to cause cancer, allergies, immunotxicity & organic toxicity Fragrance, synthetic Readily absorbed into the skin and inhaled. There are over 4000 chemicals used to formulate fragrances, any one fragrance can contain hundreds of these synthetic chemicals. These synthetic chemicals are not required on product labels, companies can state 'fragrance' as the ingredient when hundreds of chemicals are used. Hazardous chemicals are known to cause cancer, allergies, immunotoxicity & organ toxicity. Fragrances are found in all types of products from perfume, toothpaste, hair spray, lotions, deodorant, floor cleaner, disinfectants, laundry wash, shampoos & many more. Glutaral Readily inhaled & absorbed through the skin; considered toxic, can cause respiratory reactions like asthma, also burns to the skin & irritation. Environmental toxin. Glycerin, Synthetic Petroleum based solvent, see petroleum Glyceryl, PABA Sunscreen agent; expected to be toxic, known allergen GMO Genetically modified organism GMO refers to a plant, animal or microbe that has been transformed through processes known as genetic engineering. Genetic engineering involves processes that are not natural. GMOs are toxic to the human body, some are accumulative others significantly impact the viability of human cells. SCA does not support the use of GMO chemicals. Hydrocarbons Chemical compounds consisting entirely of carbon and hydrogen. Carbons come in a variety of forms; gases (methane & propane), liquids (hexane& benzene), waxes (paraffin wax) or polymers (polyethylene or polystyrene). Hydrocarbons can be processed to create plastics. Known to cause cancer & disease. Hydroquinone -1,4,Benzenedial This chemical is classified as a hazardous chemical by NICNAS. It is assigned to Priority Existing Chemicals - PEC Candidate List - priority health concern; permitted for use even though this chemical is a cancer hazard. It is on the International Program on Chemical Safety IPCS, available: OECD Screening Information Data Sheet SIDS on high production chemical. Fragrance, colorant, bleach; considered toxic, cancer causing, allergen, immunotxicity. Hydrochloric Acid (Muratic Acid) On the High Volume Industrial chemicals List HVICL, classified as a hazardous chemical by NICNAS; listed on the National Pollutant Inventory NPI, available: OECD Screening Information Data Sheet SIDS on high production chemical. pH adjustor known to cause cancer, allergies & immunotoxicity 4-Hydroxybenzoic Acid Toxic fragrance & preservative; Benzoic Acid is a naturally occurring synthetically produced substance used in food & cosmetics as a preservative & fragrance fixative. Kerosene, petroleum On the High Volume Industrial chemicals List HVICL, classified as a hazardous chemical by NICNAS; listed on the International Program on Chemical Safety IPCS. Occupational & immunotoxicity concerns Iodopropynyl Butylcarbamate, carbamic acid Preservative; allergen, toxicity. Classified as a health hazard according to the National Occupation

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