O

O

Osteo-arthritis
Cartilage is made up of 75-80% proteoglycans. In osteoarthritis this is reduced to 35-40%. The loss of proteoglycan is initiated by degradative enzymes that are associated with inflammation. An acid environment will also activate these enzymes. Chondrocytes are cells within the joint that produce these proteoglycans. It is possible to stimulate these cells with certain nutrients and this can forestall some of the degenerative changes of osteoarthritis.

Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a serious condition in which the bones become brittle and fragile, leading to a higher risk of fractures than in normal bone. This occurs when bones lose minerals, such as calcium, more quickly than the body can replace them. This leads to a loss of bone thickness (i.e. a loss of bone mass or density). As the bones become thinner and less dense, even a minor bump or accident can cause serious fractures.

Health Dimensions ©2004